Esther Vargas is a force of nature. She is social media manager for a news agency of the Peruvian government, she teaches at the Catholic University of Peru and she is a tireless promoter of education for journalists through her website, Clases de Periodismo.
|The home page of Clases de Periodismo|
In addition, Clases de Periodismo -- "The Virtual Journalism School of Latin America" -- attracts 10,000 visits a day and generates enough revenue to pay salaries to its staff. The leading traffic source is Mexico, followed by Spain, Colombia, Argentina and her native Peru.
The financing model
The site has low costs. There is no office. The staff meets in cafes or Vargas's home. "We finance the site with workshops, consulting work and social media work for various companies and events," Vargas said in an interview in Puebla, Mexico, where she was giving a lecture.
Vargas takes no salary. Her main income is from her job with the news agency and her university teaching. The question of how to finance the operation is always before her. "There is no clear model. I have to use my intuition."
Despite her university affiliation, Vargas wants a non-academic flavor to the language of the website, which has tutorials, news about training seminars and articles on topics such as the challenges of drone journalism and a new tool for taking notes with your smartphone.
About a third of the contents are produced by her own staff, and they link to breaking news about journalists around the world, such as a recent piece about Iran, where access to Twitter and Facebook is no longer blocked.
"I believe in getting scoops," Vargas said. "I want to be the first with news for journalists. We're open to try anything to improve our website. If you want to be a leader, you can't rest, you can't sleep."
Her team of young journalists works in four-hour shifts, from 8 in the morning to 8 at night, updating the site with the latest on such things as the first visit to the Washington Post newsroom by the new owner, Jeff Bezos.
The mission: teach yourself
For Vargas, the goal of the site is to help journalists improve, teach themselves and achieve independence.
Vargas said she got the idea to start her website five years ago while taking a course in entrepreneurial journalism at the Digital Journalism Center at the University of Guadalajara (I was the director and taught the course). Part of the course took place on line and part in Guadalajara, where she met a dozen other journalists from all over Latin America.
"Journalists have the responsibility to change and learn and evolve. It's your responsibility to not stand still, to not get behind so that you won't be replaced by an intern or recent graduate. And you have to learn from young people because they help you understand the new stuff."
Esther Vargas, founder of Clases de Periodismo
"I started in the Digital Journalism Center, on an impulse. When I heard about the experience of other journalists, for me it opened the door to many opportunities, it gave me an understanding of the business. One of the best moments of my career was when I met you in the Center. And the experience told me that I needed to run my own show. That was fundamental to my development. I'm trying to keep going, keep working, keep looking for funding, keep moving ahead and continue doing my own projects."Her goal: independence
Her personal and professional goal has always been to learn more about journalism and become independent. She has worked for various traditional media organizations, such as Peru.21, but she was always thinking, "when I have enough resources, I won't be dependent on any organization."
Vargas's expertise is in management of online communities and social networks and how journalists can establish their own brands.
So it is somewhat surprising that this teacher of online sociability does not seem to be terribly social. She doesn't smile a lot, she speaks in a very flat, professional manner and comes off as a very serious person. By contrast, online she is sociable, conversational, warm.
Maybe it is because producing your own website isn't easy. "The audience is more and more demanding all the time and very critical. After all, they're journalists. You have to pay attention to this. If not, everything falls apart. It's my obsession."
The obsession that motivates her.