Versión en español aquí.
digital media entrepreneurs who are struggling to survive can take some inspiration from the
story of Q*, an independent newspaper publisher in a country of the former
Soviet Union. (* Name withheld to protect him from further government repression.)
In 1990, Q was among many journalists who founded newspapers independent of the official media. The scent of freedom was in the air after the liberation from the Soviet Union.But
as time went on these newspapers also became uncomfortable with the
successor government, which despite providing certain freedoms remained
an authoritarian regime.
Financial PressureAs these newspapers became more critical, the government put the squeeze on them through a series of tactics, including banning newspapers like Q’s from the government-controlled newsstands. Local authorities also pressured private stores not to sell the papers. The circulation of Q’s newspaper has fallen from 12,000 three years ago to 5,000 today.
I spent two days with Q and his team during three weeks of working with publishers in that country. Q’s newspaper and website did not
hesitate to criticize the regime or write about the faults of the authorities in their farming community.
In the latest move, the government
has stopped selling newsprint to these independent papers, forcing them to but it from foreign countries at up to 50 more than the government media have to pay. Partly because of tactics like these, only one third of the independent newspapers survive.
Evicted, he offers cup of tea
Three years ago, the
government enterprise that owned the building that housed his newspaper offices told him he had to leave the space in a month. No one would rent Q another space, even his friends, for fear of repercussions from the authorities.
His reporters worked from home. While Q scrambled to keep publishing. He rented a booth at a public market on the outskirts of town to sell copies of the newspaper as well as advertising.Eventually he decided to buy a house and convert it into a newspaper office, though he does not have the required building and zoning permits.
The space is partly occupied and partly under construction. When neighbors ask about the large number of people coming and going, Q explains that he has
many friends who come every day to share a cup of tea.A batallion of granniesThe other big problem facing Q is distribution. Banned from kiosks, he asked the authorities for permission to sell the paper from some street locations. The request was denied.He asked his friends with shops to sell the paper. They declined and apologized. They fear repercussions from the authorities.
Q decided to turn to a great retailing tradition of his country, older women on pensions, affectionately referred to as "grannies," who supplement their income by selling items on the street. Grannies occupy a special place in society. People respect them and therefore they have a certain invulnerability. Even the secret police hesitate to mess with them. Q distributes almost 60% of copies every week through grannies, a percentage that is high even among independent newspapers. He also created a network of couriers to distribute the paper. Q never gives up. He is always looking for ways to distribute the newspaper and get around marketing restrictions. I really admire him and his fellow publishers. They embody the resilience, commitment and creativity of true entrepreneurs.